From experienced CBD veterans to newcomers just trying it out for the first timthere there are many ways to use and injest CBD. But which way is best? That all depends on how you want CBD to affect you in conjunction with the bioavailibility of the CBD product you're using.
What is bioavailibility you ask? Let's break it down.
Biovailability is defined by Merriam Webster Dictionary as the degree and rate at which a substance (such as a drug) is absorbed into a living system or is made available at the site of physiological activity.
As you may have noticed, CBD is available in many various forms including: lotions, tinctures, oils, e-liquids, capsules and more. Each of these different forms requires a different usage method, and each product typically comes in multiple concentrations of CBD.
In addition to the amount and strength of a substance, bioavailability determines how much you should take based on how much CBD concentration is present at the point of consumption in one "serving size" or "dose".
Of course, the bioavailability of CBD varies based on the the consumption method and concentration of CBD in the product in question, which leads us to a very important question...
What’s the best way to take CBD?
Oral consumption of medical products is common when one thinks of traditional pharmaceuticals. This method of ingestion is popular because of it's ease of delivery - through the mouth - and direct delivery to the internal system of digestion. Although this is the most popular form, it often does not yield the highest bioavailability of the product due to the route it takes through the body to reach the blood stream. In terms of CBD, common oral consumption methods include CBD capsules, CBD edibles and CBD beverages.
Research has shown that roughly 5-20% bioavailibility of CBD will remain if the CBD product is ingested in the form of an edible or pill form.
To give you an idea on how that works, if you eat an edible that contains 100mg of CBD, only 20mg will actually reach your bloodstream. Now you may be thinking, what a waste! To loose over 75% of a product you've purchased seems like a bad deal... well you're not totally wrong. Luckily there are other more effective ways to ingest CBD for an increased bioavailibility.
Under the tongue, there is a vein called the sublingual gland. When a substance is administered to the sublingual gland, it gets absorbed directly into the bloodstream, which is referred to as sublingual consumption or sublingual administration. Common sublingual consumption methods include CBD tinctures, CBD lozenges and CBD sprays.
Because sublingual consumption is more direct, it impacts the body quicker than oral consumption and maintains higher availability, only being degraded from enzymes in the mouths saliva.
Because there are a few different factors that will impact the CBD bioavailability of sublingual consumption (most involving the quality of CBD), reported rates range from 12%-35%, which is still significantly higher than oral consumption.
Vaporized consumption involves inhaling CBD directly into the lungs, typically through a vape pen or vaporizer device.
By directly entering the lungs, the CBD can then quickly and and directly enter the bloodstream, with decreased breakdown rates and higher bioavailability.
With numerous medical studies reporting bioavailability rates between 34–46%, and some even reporting up to 56%, vaporizing CBD is by far one of the most effective methods to take CBD, and our recommended method.
By understanding how CBD bioavailability works, it not only helps you increase the effectiveness of the CBD you’re taking, it saves you from overspending on methods with low bioavailability.